About GENERAL NURSING AND MIDWIFERY (GNM)

General Nursing and Midwifery or GNM is a three-year and six-month diploma course designed for aspirants who want to pursue a career in clinical nursing. The programme teaches candidates how to care for individuals who are sick or have been injured in order to help them attain full recovery. Although the curriculum design of the course varies from university to university, GNM courses are designed to prepare the students for the clinical approach of handling patients. The curriculum of some universities includes a six-month internship at the end of the course and the diploma is granted only after the candidates complete this internship.

The GNM course has been designed to enable eligible candidates to address the health needs of the country, community, and individuals.

GNM Course Highlights

Some of the basic details of the GNM course are as follows:

Course LevelDiploma
Course NameGeneral Nursing and Midwifery
Short NameGNM
Duration3.5 Years
Examination TypeSemester System/ Year-wise
Eligibility10+2 with minimum 50% marks in aggregate with science subjects
Admission ProcessMerit-Based/ Entrance Exam
Top Employment AreasHospitals, Nursing Homes, Universities, etc
Job RolesClinical Nurse Specialist, Legal Nurse Consultant, Forensic Nursing etc.

General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) Eligibility Criteria

  • Minimum Qualification Required: 10+2 (Physics, Biology and Chemistry)
  • Minimum Marks Required (Aggregate): 50%
  • The minimum marks may vary from institute to institute

GNM Admission Process:

Nursing aspirants can apply for the General Nursing and Midwifery programme once they have completed their class 12 exams with Biology, Chemistry, and Physics as compulsory subjects. Admissions in GNM courses are done mostly on the basis of marks secured by a candidate in class 12 exams. Colleges release a merit list on the basis of candidates’ performance in the 10+2 exam.

Few of the institutes also conduct their own entrance exams for these courses or take students on the basis of state-level diploma entrance exams. Those candidates who qualify the entrance exams will be eligible for admissions to the GNM course.

GNM Entrance Exams

Some of the popular entrance exams for GNM course are as follows:

  • AIIMS Nursing Entrance Exam
  • BHU Nursing Entrance Exam
  • JIPMER Nursing Entrance Exam
  • PGIMER Nursing
  • MGM CET Nursing
  • IGNOU OPENNET
  • RUHS Nursing Entrance Exam

General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) Syllabus

First Year:

Anatomy and PhysiologyNutritionCommunity Health Nursing
PsychologyMicrobiologyPersonal and Environmental Hygiene
Health EducationSociologyFundamentals of Nursing
First AidPersonal HygieneEnvironmental Hygiene
Health Education and Communication Skills  

Second Year:

PharmacologyMedical Surgical NursingPsychiatric Nursing
Medical Surgical NursingPharmacologyMedical Surgical Nursing II (Specialties)
Orthopedic NursingCommunicable DiseasesOphthalmic Nursing
Community Health NursingMental Health and Psychiatric NursingComputer Education

Third Year:

Advanced Community Health NursingPaediatric NursingMidwifery and Gynaecology
Community Health Nursing – IIEducational Methods and Media for Teaching in Practice of NursingPediatric Nursing
Introduction to ResearchAdministration and Ward ManagementProfessional Trends and Adjustment
Health EconomicsInternship Period 

Fourth Year: 6-month Internship

General Nursing and Midwifery (GNM) Career Options and Job Prospects

Nursing is full-time occupation and candidates who have acquired the required skills and education in the field of care-taking and nursing can take up jobs at hospitals, clinics, health departments or can work as a private health care-taker. GNM diploma holders can also take up community services and can work for NGOs that spread medical awareness or help the sick. The salaries offered after the GNM courses can vary from Rs. 1.5 lakh to Rs. 3 lakh. Some government jobs pay better packages to freshers who complete this course. Following are some of the job profiles that a GNM diploma holder can apply for:

  • Staff Nurse
  • Home Nurse
  • Health Visitor
  • Community Health Worker

Since GNM is a diploma programme, most of the candidates apply for advanced nursing courses after completing the GNM course in order to enhance their career prospects. There are various courses that candidates can pursue after this diploma programme including the Auxiliary Nursing Midwifery (ANM), B.Sc. in Nursing, M.Sc. in Nursing, PG Certificate in Nursing and Doctorate (Ph.D.). Job options after pursuing these courses along with GNM are better than the career options and salaries offered after the GNM alone.

  • Health Care Nurse
  • Nursing Tutor
  • Clinical Nurse Specialist
  • Certified Nursing Assistant
  • Legal Nurse Consultant
  • Senior – Nurse Educator
  • Forensic Nursing
  • Home Care Nurse
  • Emergency Room Nurse
  • ICU Nurse
  • Teacher – Nursing School
  • Staff Nurse
  • Community Health Nurse

Salaries offered after pursuing GNM followed by PG diploma or master courses in nursing are lucrative. Nurses working in forensics, ICU and private home care, can earn up to Rs. 4.9 lakh to Rs. 5 lakh per annum. Salaries also increase with the job profile of the nursing professional. Specialists, consultants and professors in this field get packages varying from Rs. 5.5 lakh to Rs. 9.13 lakh per annum.